With yesterday's Julus e Ashura, the first ten days of Muharram (the period of Shia mourning the death of Husain at Karbala which marks the sectarian split between Sunni and Shia Islam) came to an end. I say the first ten days, since Lucknow takes great pride in extending its Azadari activities for full two months and eight days. An important part of the commemoration are several processions or julus throughout these ten days in particular, but also at other times of the year. Due to several violent sectarian clashes throughout the last century, these were banned for two decades, and now only nine specific processions are allowed, mapped on top of last week's experimental Shia population map (as usual, you can also use a larger version of this map:

The Shahi and Mehndi Julus from Bara to Chota Imambara and the Julus on 8th Muharram from Dariya Wali Masjid to Imambara Ghufran Maab do not really pass through residential areas. Most of the other processions either follow Victoria Street, a wide main road usually cordoned off by riot police, or pass through Shia dominated areas (with the partial exception of southern Nakhas). Interestingly, two of the Julus permitted by the district magistrate take place outside of Muharram - in Ramzan - and have, theologically speaking, much less of a sectarian nature (commemorating the attack on Imam Ali much prior to the sectarian split). Yet they are counted as a Shia event, are taken out by Shias, and run through predominantly Shia areas...

With this post, my series of Lucknow maps comes to a preliminary end. Simultaneously, a new portal just went online which allows you to combine the various maps to see whether, for example, key Islamic institutions are in male or female areas of the city, or for which party people vote in areas in which Shia processions take place: click here and enjoy!

I would like to acknowledge the use of the Oxford Supercomputing Centre (OSC) in carrying out this work.